Crystals Materials
Ti:Sapphire Crystals for aerospace, medical, and industrial applications
  • Ti2O3 doping: 0.03 - 0.25 at. %
  • Figure of Merit(FOM): 100~300 Upon customers request
  • Surface Quality: 10/5 Scratch/Dig MIL-O-1380A
  • Parallelism: < 10″
  • Perpendicularity: < 5'
  • Clear Aperture: > 90%
  • Surface Flatness: < λ/10 @ 632.8 nm
  • Coating: AR/HR/PR coating upon customer's request
  • Quality Warranty Period: One year
  • Ti:sapphire crystal (Ti3+:Al2O3) as an optically pumped, solid-state laser crystal is widely used in high-output power, high-gain wide-band tunable ultrashort-wave pulse lasers. Ti:sapphire crystal is a gain material for wavelength-tunable lasers with an emission bandwidth of 0.6 ~ 1.2 μm.

    AOG CRYSTAL can provide large-size (diameter 160 mm), high-quality Ti:Sapphire crystals with low light scattering and low dislocation density (less than 102 cm- 2) and other characteristics.

    Specifications of Ti:Sapphire Crystal
    Material Ti3+:Al2O3
    Ti2O3 concentration 0.03 - 0.25wt %
    Orientation Optical axis C normal to rod axis
    Figure Of Merit (FOM) 100 - 300 Upon customers request
    End configurations Flat/Flat or Brewster/Brewster ends
    Surface Quality 10/5 S/D
    Parallelism < 10 arcsec
    Perpendicularity < 5 arcmin
    Clear Aperture > 90%
    Wavefront Distortion λ/10 @ 633 nm
    Surface Flatness < λ/10 @ 632.8 nm
    Chamfer < 0.1 mm @ 45°
    Coating AR/HR/PR coating upon customer's request
    Damage Threshold 750mW/cm2 at 1064 nm, TEM00, 10 ns, 10Hz
    Physical and chemical properties
    Chemical Formula Ti3+:Al2O3
    Crystal Structure Hexagonal
    Lattice Constant 12.01Å
    Density 3.98 g/cm3
    Melting Point 2040 °C
    Thermal Conductivity (W/m/k@25°C) 33 W/(mK)
    Temperature dependence of refractive index 13x10-6/K
    Thermal shock resistance parameter 790 W/m
    Thermal Expansion 5 x 10-6K-1
    Hardness (Mohs) 9
    Young's Modulus/GPa 335
    Shear Modulus/Gpa 0.1 cal/g
    Tensile Strength/Mpa 400
    Ti density for 0.1% at. doping 4.56 x 10^19cm-3
    Optical properties
    Laser Transition F3/2→F1/2
    Laser Wavelength 660 - 1200 nm
    Central emission 800 nm
    Turnable Absorption Band 400-600 nm
    Absorption peak 488 nm
    Emission Cross Section 41 x 10^-20 cm2@790 nm
    Fluorescence Lifetime 3.2 ms
    Emission Linewidth 650-1100 nm
    Refractive Index @633 nm 1.77@ 532 nm; 1.76@800 nm; 1.75@1100 nm
    Absorption Coefficient 0.5 - 6.0 cm-1

    Stock specification list

    If need other specifications and quantities products, please contact us(
    Part Number Face size Length Doping, atm.% Coating
    Ti-Sapphire-001 3.0x3.0 mm 5.0 mm Right-angle cut AR/AR@532+750-850 nm
    Ti-Sapphire-002 3.0x3.0 mm 5.0 mm Brewster cut uncoated
    Ti-Sapphire-001 Φ6.0 mm 20.0 mm Brewster cut Auncoated
    Ti-Sapphire-001 Φ20.0 mm 25.0 mm Right-angle cut AR/AR@532+750-850 nm


  • Anti-reflection coatings are available at your specified wavelength.
  • Be sure to wear laser safety goggles when checking optical path and adjusting optical axis.
  • To inquiry or order a finished Ti:Sapphire laser rod, please specify the specification listed above, for common application, we only need to know the main specification: Ti3+-dopant concentration, sizes, and coating. For special request, please specify specification in details for evaluation and fabrication.
  • Documents Download

    Get a quote

    You can get a quote, ask questions, order products via e-mail We will answer your email shortly.

    Frequently asked questions